To tackle the human health challenges that face the world today, the FNIH develops collaborations with top experts from government, industry, academia and the not-for-profit sector and provides a neutral environment where we can work productively toward a common goal.

Understanding the Mechanisms of Intravenous BCG-Induced Protection Against TB in NHP (TB Vaccine)

Two billion people worldwide are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) resulting in 10 million cases of clinical disease and 1.5 million deaths each year. The hurdles for developing a highly protective and durable vaccine against Mtb require addressing four central tenets of T cell immunology – magnitude, quality, breadth, and location of the response. These specific elements of the problem will be addressed by focusing on how altering the route of vaccination using a whole attenuated organism vaccine substantially increases immune responses and protection in a rigorous non-human primate model of Mtb infection.

Gene Drive Research-Related Activities

Gene drive is a mechanism that can promote the preferential inheritance of a beneficial genetic trait, thereby increasing its prevalence in a population. A variety of gene drive mechanisms occur in nature that can cause specific genetic elements to spread throughout populations in varying degrees. Researchers have long sought to harness these naturally occurring gene drive mechanisms to prevent the transmission of mosquito or other insect-borne diseases that pose some of society's most intractable public health problems.

Support functions for development of new technologies for controlling transmission of mosquito-borne diseases

The project provides the FNIH management and advisory services for research programs seeking to develop new cost-effective and sustainable biologic strategies for controlling mosquito-borne infections like malaria and dengue fever.

Comprehensive Cellular Vaccine Immune Monitoring Consortium

A collaborative program that provides standardized and research level assays for clinical and pre-clinical HIV vaccine trials.

SHORTEN-TB

SHORTEN-TB will build on lessons learned from the HIT-TB program to identify leads that have the greatest potential to comprise drug regimens that will significantly reduce the duration of chemotherapy for tuberculosis.

PredictTB

PredictTB is a five-year clinical trial project that aims to shorten the treatment times of tuberculosis (TB) in drug-sensitive patients through individualized therapy.

Support of Ebola Research by NIAID

In response to the critical Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in 2014, the FNIH has established a fund that supports the Division of Clinical Research of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) in its efforts to prevent, treat and research the EVD in West Africa.

Biomarkers Consortium - The Performance of Novel Cardiac Biomarkers in the General U.S. Population

The Biomarkers Consortium’s Novel Cardiac Biomarkers in the General US Population (the Cardiac Troponin Project) seeks to define the reference ranges and to generate the epidemiologic basis for the use of several significant novel cardiac and related biomarkers for cardiovascular risk stratification in the general U.S. population. The program will measure a panel of biomarkers in almost 30,000 individuals in a national study. The project will provide key reference data regarding novel biomarkers for cardiovascular risk stratification and inform U.S. clinical and laboratory guidelines.

Biomarkers Consortium - Treatments Against RA and Effect on FDG PET-CT (TARGET Biomarker Study)

The Biomarkers Consortium’s TARGET Biomarker Study seeks to utilize validated proteomic biomarkers of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity and inflammation to categorize baseline and disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)-associated changes in vascular inflammation in RA patients.

Biomarkers Consortium - Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia/Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia Clinical Endpoint Development (HABP/VABP)

The Biomarkers Consortium’s Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia (HABP) and Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia (VABP) Project aims to develop clinically relevant endpoints in clinical trials to improve antibacterial trial feasibility.