To tackle the human health challenges that face the world today, the FNIH develops collaborations with top experts from government, industry, academia and the not-for-profit sector and provides a neutral environment where we can work productively toward a common goal.

Multi-site Efficacy and Safety Trial of Intrapartum Azithromycin in LMICs - (A-PLUS Trial)
Biomarkers Consortium - Mucosal Healing in UC: Definition, Treatment Target and Clinical Endpoints

This project will establish a common methodology for a histologic measurement of a mucosal healing endpoint for treatment of UC that demonstrates clear prognostic value for long-term outcomes for patients that the scientific community can utilize when developing therapeutics for UC.

Understanding the Mechanisms of Intravenous BCG-Induced Protection Against TB in NHP (TB Vaccine)

Two billion people worldwide are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) resulting in 10 million cases of clinical disease and 1.5 million deaths each year. The hurdles for developing a highly protective and durable vaccine against Mtb require addressing four central tenets of T cell immunology – magnitude, quality, breadth, and location of the response. These specific elements of the problem will be addressed by focusing on how altering the route of vaccination using a whole attenuated organism vaccine substantially increases immune responses and protection in a rigorous non-human primate model of Mtb infection.

Gene Drive Research-Related Activities

Gene drive is a mechanism that can promote the preferential inheritance of a beneficial genetic trait, thereby increasing its prevalence in a population. A variety of gene drive mechanisms occur in nature that can cause specific genetic elements to spread throughout populations in varying degrees. Researchers have long sought to harness these naturally occurring gene drive mechanisms to prevent the transmission of mosquito or other insect-borne diseases that pose some of society's most intractable public health problems.

Support functions for development of new technologies for controlling transmission of mosquito-borne diseases

The project provides the FNIH management and advisory services for research programs seeking to develop new cost-effective and sustainable biologic strategies for controlling mosquito-borne infections like malaria and dengue fever.

Single-Cell Transcriptomic Analysis of HIV Reservoirs before and After Systemic Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Therapy
Comprehensive Cellular Vaccine Immune Monitoring Consortium

A collaborative program that provides standardized and research level assays for clinical and pre-clinical HIV vaccine trials.

SHORTEN-TB

SHORTEN-TB will build on lessons learned from the HIT-TB program to identify leads that have the greatest potential to comprise drug regimens that will significantly reduce the duration of chemotherapy for tuberculosis.

PredictTB

PredictTB is a five-year clinical trial project that aims to shorten the treatment times of tuberculosis (TB) in drug-sensitive patients through individualized therapy.

Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Bihar, India

In India, the sand fly vector Phlebotomus argentipes is responsible for the transmission of the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani, which causes a disease called visceral leishmaniasis (VL), from one human to another.